Biological diversity in Serbia is characterized by a large genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Natural assets are put under protection by acts of competent bodies (by Decree of the Government of the Republic of Serbia or by Decision of the Local Self-Government Unit) on the proposal of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia.
State Enterprise Forest Management "Srbijašume" manages 76 protected areas on a land surface area of 333,510.86 ha, which makes up 50% of the total area of protected natural assets in Serbia. SE "Srbijašume" is the manager of: 28 protected areas of national significance (327,526.80 ha), established by Decrees of the Government of the Republic of Serbia, 21 protected areas of local significance (5,981.04 ha), established by the local self-governments, and 27 protected areas proclaimed prior to the passing of the 1991 Environmental Protection Act.
In Serbia, the land surface area of protected areas is 662.435 ha or 7.9% of the territory.
Preservation, protection and enhancement of natural values are part of the strategy and one of the key objectives in the business policy of SE “Srbijašume“, the leading enterprise in the management of forests, hunting grounds and protected areas.
Protected natural assets are: protected areas, protected species and protected movable natural documents.
Protected areas have a remarkable geological, biological, ecosystem and/or landscape diversity, because of which they are proclaimed protected areas of general interest by the protection act. Protected areas are: strict nature reserves, special nature reserves, national parks, monuments of nature, protected habitats, landscapes of exceptional features and nature parks.
Wild species that are endangered or may become endangered, with a distinct importance from the genetic, ecological, ecosystemic, scientific and health-related, economic and other aspects, are protected as either strictly protected wild species or protected wild species.
Protected movable natural documents are parts of geological and paleontological heritage, as well as biological documents which are of distinct scientific, educational and cultural importance.