Forest Roads

SE "Srbijašume" is entrusted to protect, enhance and utilize forests, forest land and other forest resources, and to manage them.

These extraordinarily significant tasks can neither be fulfilled professionally, in an up-to-date manner nor timely if there are no good forest roads.

Only optimal openness of the forests to roads can secure the necessary presence of job executives and the use of modern mechanization.

With the development of civilization, it has become more and more obvious how important it is to build high-quality forest roads.

The Management of SE "Srbijašume", as the most significant manager of state forests, creates conditions and accomplishes the construction of up-to-date forest roads according to highest standards, and the existing soft roads are gradually being turned into modern ones - hard roads.

Modern silviculture and economic forest management with a generally accepted forest utilization technology can be made real only with the existence of suitable forest infrastructure and a state of being technically equipped.

Forest roads represent a condition for rational, economic and integral managing of all forest resources. They serve for transportation, taking biological measures and forest fire protection measures, as well as for faciliated utilization of the rest of the forest benefits.

The achieved openness of forest complexes where forest roads have been built, with asphalt and macadam surfaces, ranges between 20 and 40 m/ha in developed countries. This has made possible an almost complete mechanization in forestry production due to the lack of workforce, but also due to the humanizing of work.

In Serbia the "Cadastre of Forest Roads" (that were built until the end of 2004) was established, and the information aquired on forest openness - 7.23 m/ha. In Serbia, the openness of hard forest roads amounts to 5.24 m/ha. This is below the standard in countries with a developed forestry economy.

Forest roads in Serbia are used for the needs of forestry as well as for public traffic circulation, i.e. for the fulfillment of general needs of the economy and population in rural areas. The construction of forest roads affects the development of agriculture and countryside, school system, health care, production of medicinal and edible plants, as well as a number of other activities which engage new workforce. This all increases human standard and makes possible the economic and cultural development of settlements in mountainous regions, which results in rural development.

Forest roads, except for the abovementioned, connect parts of the largest factory in the world, the oxygen factory, and they offer special benefits in forestry. Forest roads are an integral part of a modern, professional forest management style.