Preservation, protection and improvement of natural resources is a part of business strategy and is one of the key objectives in the business policy of the State Enterprise for Forest Management "Srbijašume" Belgrade.
Serbia signed the 2001 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES Convention - adopted in Washington on 03/03/1973, amended in Bonn on 22/06/1979, confirmed in Serbia on 09/11/2001). The signatory countries committed themselves to being the guardians of their own wild flora and fauna, aware of their ever-growing value from ecological, scientific, cultural, economic, recreational and aesthetic points of view, and recognizing that wild fauna and flora make an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth that must be protected for both present and future generations.
Also, in order to preserve the natural rarities of Serbia, the Serbian Government adopted the Decree on Protection of Natural Rarities (1993), designating wild plant and animal species placed under protection as natural values of great importance in order to preserve biodiversity. Protection of natural values means prohibition of the use, destruction and other activities undertaken in such a manner that could threaten wild species of plants and animals protected as natural rarities and their habitats.
The Guidelines for identifying the protected species by following the Regulation on the Protection of Natural Rarities and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (internal character) are intended for the professionals at SE "Srbijašume" (forest guards, forest engineers and other employees) who are engaged on activities aimed at protection, cultivation and sustainable use of forest ecosystem planning, as well as for contractors in forestry for identifying, recording and protecting natural rarities.
One of the main objectives is to guide forest engineers to recognize natural rarities in the field (locality) and record them in the Forest Harvest Management Plan (in the map of sections), i.e. to make a Natural Rarities Locality Overview (for the level of Management Unit and Forest Administration) and a Map of Natural Rarities for each MU (updated every year).