Forest management planning is a forestry discipline, that is, a set of coordinated activities that are carried out by applying a specific methodology for data collection and processing, for the purpose of developing forest management plans and other planning documents.
The basic planning unit is the management unit, for which a forest management plan is developed, which is the basic planning document in forestry. The average size of the management unit is between 2,000-3,000 ha (max. up to 5,000 ha), depending on the forest and forest land distribution and forest management conditions. The management unit is divided into catchments, these into compartments with a further sub-division into sub-compartments or stands.
Within the State Enterprise for Forest Management “Srbijašume” there are 347 management units, with an average size of 2,580 ha. For each management unit there is a valid 10-year forest management plan. At Enterprise level, on the average, 34-35 new forest management plans are drawn up annually, which implies the separation and measurement of stands on about 80,000 – 90,000 ha.