Serbia is characterized by a rich and diverse natural heritage reflected through a wide range of geological, geomorphological, pedological, climatic, hydrological and biological diversity. A large number of diverse plant and animal species, their communities and ecosystems make out of Serbia a small-scale Europe and one of the centers of its biodiversity.
In order to preserve special natural values and improve their condition, individual parts or ecosystems of nature, as well as species, are declared protected natural assets.
State Enterprise for Forest Management “Srbijašume” manages protected areas on a land surface area of 338,640,20 ha, which makes up ca. 50% of the total surface area of protected areas in Serbia.
By Acts on Protected Area Designation, the State Enterprise “Srbijašume” has been appointed manager of 54 protected areas, i. e., manager of 34 protected areas of national importance on a surface area of 332,661.16 ha established by the Decrees of the Government of the Republic of Serbia, and 21 protected areas of local importance on a surface area of 5,958.69 ha established by local governments and the City of Belgrade. The surface area structure of the protected areas by ownership is as follows: state-owned – 159,786.39 ha (47%); private and other ownership – 178,833.45 ha (53%).
Preservation, protection and promotion of natural values is part of the strategy and one of the key goals in the business policy of SE “Srbijašume”, the leading enterprise in the management of protected areas. Of the total surface area of the protected areas, 9,336.97 ha (2.8%) are under 1st degree protection regime, 63,125.61 ha (18.6%) – under 2nd degree protection regime, and 266,157.26 ha (78.6%) – under 3rd degree protection regime.